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The Wind River Indian Reservation was established in 1864 through the Bridger-Teton Treaty with the United States government. It is home to the Eastern Shoshone and Northern Arapahoe Indian tribes. Chief Washakie, the last chief of the Shoshone tribe is buried at Chief Washakie Cemetery in the older section of the graveyard. There is a large headstone that marks his grave.

Chief Washakie is known in Crowheart Butte for his role in the battle between the Crow and the Shoshone Indians in 1866. According to a legend about this battle, Chief Washakie of the Shoshone and Chief Big Robber of the Crow decided to have a duel to decide which tribe would claim rights to the Wind River Mountains as a hunting ground. Chief Washakie won the duel but was so very impressed with Chief Big Robber’s courage that he graciously opted NOT to scalp him. Rather, he cut out Big Robber’s heart and stuck it on the end of his lance.

Chief Washakie made important allegiances with the U.S. Government and was friendly with settlers and American immigrants.

St. Stephen’s Mission was established by the Jesuits in 1886 with the approval of Chief Black Coal of the Arapaho tribe. In the early 1900’s Catholicism thrived on the reservation but has since waned, particularly following World War II.

Paranormal Reports:

Reports of lights and showers turning on inexplicably. Also reports of apparitions.


ePodunk (2007). Profile for Ethete, Wyoming, WY. Retrieved November 22, 2009 from

Shadowlord (1998). Shadowlands Haunted Places Index. Retrieved August 11, 2008 from

No Author (n.d.) Welcome to Lander, Wyoming. Retrieved November 22, 2009 from

Marquette University (2009). St. Stephen’s Mission Record 1865, 1886 [ongoing]. Retrieved November 22, 2009 from


134 Mission Rd. Riverton WY Wyoming United States

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